There are three stock exchanges in Pakistan.
Karachi Stock Exchange
The Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE) was established on 18th September, 1947. It was later converted and registered as a Company Limited by Guarantee on 10th March, 1949. Initially, 90 members were enrolled, however, only half a dozen of them were active as brokers. Similarly only 5 companies were listed with a paid up capital of Rs. 37 million.
Karachi Stock Exchange consists of 724 Listed companies, securities listed on the exchange 752: ordinary share 724, Preference shares 5 and debt securities (TFC’s) 23 . KSE Market capitalization is US$ 7,746 million.
Lahore Stock Exchange
Lahore Stock Exchange (Guarantee) Limited came into existence in October 1970, under the Securities and Exchange Ordinance, 1969, of the Government of Pakistan in response to the needs of the Provincial metropolis of the Punjab. Only 83 members had its memberships and it was housed in a rented building in the crowded area of Bank Square in exotic city of Lahore. The number of members has increased from 83 to 150 over a period of 25 years.
The past seven years have seen Lahore Stock Exchange come to its own. Business has been steadily on the increase. A modern Management Information System, (MIS) has been firmly in place. Clearing House activities are fully computerized, computer ordering has been implemented.
LSE has set up a credit rating company named “Pakistan Credit Rating Agency (Pvt) Limited”, (PACRA), in a joint venture with International Finance Corporation (IFC), and IBCA Limited of London.
Islamabad Stock Exchange
The Islamabad Stock Exchange (ISE) was incorporated as a guarantee limited Company on 25th October, 1989 in Islamabad Capital territory of Pakistan with the main object of setting up of a trading and settlement infrastructure, information system, skilled resources, accessibility and a fair and orderly market place that ranks with the best in the world. The purpose for establishment of the stock exchange in Islamabad was to cater to the needs of less developed areas of the northern part of Pakistan.
At present there are 103 Members out of which 29 are corporate bodies including commercial and investment banks, DFIs and brokerage houses. The other 74 Members are individual persons.
Since the inception of automated trading system which is called ISECTS the trade volume is multiplying day by day and the average daily turnover has now crossed the figure of 7.5 million shares. The automated system which was indigenously developed replaced the outcry system in 1997. Now all the listed securities are traded through the ISECTS. The system of physical handling of shares and securities is being phased out and majority of the scrips are settled through Central Depository Company of Pakistan Limited.
At the moment there are 285 companies/securities listed on the Exchange with an aggregate capital of Rs. 155,352.618 million. The market capitalization was Rs. 209,360.670 million (US $ 4,551.132 million) as on 10-09-98