By Ammarah Rao

Siachen is supposing as a third pole of the world where the war broke-out in 1984. It is considered as an official date of occurrence of the war. In fact, during late 70’s India had started foot stepping towards the land, which is known as no-demarcated area NJ9842. In 1949 Karachi pact and 1972 Shimla pact had a clause that, “it has presumed that north to NJ9842 area is not feasible for human habitation”. And prior to 1984 Pakistan had not any permanent presence in the area. However, only international mountaineering expeditions used to go there for normal visits and it has always been communicated by Pakistan to India about those expeditions. At last, in early 80’s India had sent their full brigade to Siachen then Pakistan intercepted their further foot-stepping. This was the time when USSR and Afghanistan issue was at its peak and Pakistan was suffering due to that issue. Therefore, India took advantage of that crucial time and started aggression at Siachen sector.

India’s rigid policies towards Pakistan actually stemmed from Nehru’s vision of weakening Pakistan. Nehru’s vision was contrary to Gandhi’s vision. In Nehru’s time Indian army was highly equipped for mountain warfare. It was his decision to indulge his state in a totally pointless war. Whereas, India’s poverty level is below the margin line and destitute citizens who barely get meal a day and could never afford a war, which has no outcome. Even though, Indian’s own economists are evaluating that in coming few years’ Indian GDP rate would be no more than 3% .India should mend its own inconsistent ways to deal with the neighbors for her own benefits.

As far as the strategic worth is concerned, there is a common analytical consensus about the lack of strategic and tactical worth of Siachen. So far, there is no any discernible reason except the political compulsions to continue this war. Another factor being propping in order to continue Siachen war is china’s factor. In fact, it is hype than a reality because there are economic and trade agreements have been taking place between India and China.  In order to manage bilateral trade relation they have reopened as it was no built by India and China, instead there was an ancient Silk Road which was closed during 1962 war between the two countries. It was reopened in 2006 after 44 years of closure between each other. Therefore, international media is dramatically projecting intense situation between India and china, which negatively influence the Siachen conflict. Nevertheless, it is obvious that India had purposely selected the USSR-Afghanistan war time period which was most crucial time for Pakistan. But now facts and figures have reached at the highest deficit level for both countries. Indeed, War needs an outcome and this war has only outcome which is deficit at economical level, losses of life on both sides, and environmental hazards at national and international level. No other country in the world is spending such a heavy amount of resources on bleeding wound sort of operation and people do not wish to be part of it. Both sides need to realize the recklessness of ‘War at Peak’.


Hence, policy to project fact before public could play a vital role in order to become as a pressure group for political parties. Highest economic upheavals and loss of excessive human lives with no gain and environmental damage are the main factors, which are in awful straits and need to be knownto the public.  Primarily, both states should go towards trust building measures with sincere intentions. In order to develop trust Pakistan-India need to determine the critical option between each other to reduce mistrust. However, Pakistan took lead as the General Kayani’s statement appeared during his visit to Pakistani held portion of Siachen in the aftermath of loss of life of about 140 innocent people, included soldiers due to avalanches. Which describes that, “that India and Pakistan must live in peaceful coexistence as defence without development is neither viable nor acceptable”. Now it’s time for India to move forward on discernible lines and with iron-clad guarantees.

Kayani’s statement is a milestone to take a step towards resolving issues between Pakistan-India. Let’s starts from Siachen. Now it’s time for India to show a doable attitude. Both sides need to realize the recklessness of “War at the Peaks”. Therefore, Siachen conflict should be seen in isolation not as a part of the overall picture because other conflicts have different postures. To combine many issues means to mess up with them; and none of them would resolve ever. If both states are sincere to resolve Siachen issue then need to focus on Siachen conflict as a piecemeal. However, unilateral withdrawal is categorically not an option for any of the two nuclear states. But as a way forward Pakistan made an announcement that now military option for Siachen should reject. Being a responsible nuclear state both states have to agree upon that; nuclearization made the borders un-changeable. Therefore, negotiation on bilateral bases could occur if the past politically pressurized dialogue processes is avoided. As far as the Shimla accord is concerned that was not a ‘peace accord’ because treaties or accord cannot happen under a ‘unilateral winning posture’ from one party. As far as third party (external) intervention is concerned, it would not work to attain solution as we have experienced in Kashmir issue. If Pakistan-India establishes their mutual collaborative mechanism through the consent of both sides political, military and social sectors then a viable demilitarization pact might be establish with the clause of that in case of an obvious armed breach of the pact, both sides set aside the right to take offensive action.

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There is also a unique recommendation in order to set an actual way forward which is to take the help of econometricians. They can give logical statistic and epistemological reasons to ensure that Siachen issue need to resolve because its outcomes are totally in deficit. They use to put statistical data in a specific model and give an exact average of surplus and deficit of Siachen war in front of the public. Then, statistical picture will come out which would be unchallengeable. However, global warming has also been a vital indicator to let the world aware that if the “War at the Peaks” is not going to stop then glacier could turn into anger for any side as one example has been seen in recent 7th April avalanche on Pakistani side where a whole company of Pak Army was buried alive in the snow. And Indian side also uses to face such tragic incidents. Antarctic treaty sort of agreements may give a path to sort out the solution via using ecological approaches.

Nonetheless, Historical falsification has occurred from the right wing Indian academicians but now both states need to stall viable steps towards solution. If public on both sides become aware about facts and figures of Siachen war then it would definitely reject that zero sum game war. History shows many rivals who became allies afterward due to their own state interests. These experiences give sustainable lines to go towards peaceful way forward.