Editor’s Note:- The following are quoted from the book “Sex Pollution” for the readers to draw their own conclusions.
“Sex Pollution”: While the book may be salacious in nature, it does shed light on the shady side of Jawaharlal Nehru–known for his escapades. Stanley Wolpert has written extensively about his gay lifestyle as well as his affair with Ediwina Mountbatten–the subject of a new book “Indian Summer” (Written by Edwin’as daughter).
Indus Water Treaty, Kalabagh, Kashmir, & Gurdaspur. While Qayoom has been subject of much ridicule in Bharat (aka India), he makes two poignant points which are important from a historical point of view.
1. Lord Cyrill Radcliff had an affair with Nehru’s sister Lakhsmi
2. Sheikh Abdullah was involved with Indira Gandhi and other women
Both these facts, if corroborated does put sunlight on the reasons for Gurdaspur going to Bharat and Shaikh Abdullah not doing the obvious and acceding to Pakistan–it was personal not political.
By S. M. Hali
British Raj in the Indian sub-continent would have continued unabated for a few more decades if the Second World War had not weakened the Empire, providing pro-independence movements the desired impetus to be rejuvenated. Hindus and Muslims, the two main communities residing in India had separate agendas. Hindus were the original inhabitants of the Sub-Continent while the Muslims, came as invaders and became rulers till the British dominated them. The Hindus, in majority, desired to take over the reins from the British and suppress the Muslims to avenge nearly three hundred years of subjugation.
The Muslims knew that departure of the British would only mean a change of rulers while the Hindus would be more brutal than the British. Thus the Muslim leaders like Jinnah, Liaquat Ali Khan, Iqbal and others proposed a separate homeland for the Muslims, which the Hindus opposed tooth and nail. Hindu leaders like Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru aligned themselves with the British attempting to stop the creation of Pakistan or in the worst case scenario, accede to a truncated Pakistan, which would not survive long and could be gobbled up by India. The Radcliff Commission, charged with the duty of determining the Boundary, was sufficiently coerced by the last British Viceroy to India at the behest of Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, who had developed very close relations with Lord and Lady Mountbatten.
The partition, promulgated in the Indian Independence Act 1947, resulted in the dissolution of the British Empire and a mass exodus of humanity, displacing up to 12.5 million people in the former British Indian Empire, with estimates of loss of life up to a million, since marauding bands of Hindu and Sikh fanatics set upon the refugees with equally depraved Muslims retaliating this side. The violent nature of the partition created an atmosphere of mutual hostility and suspicion between India and Pakistan that plagues their relationship till this day.
The Radcliff Commission amended the approved plan to award Gurdaspur to India, providing it with a land link to the Valley of Kashmir, enabling India to physically occupy the Valley, resulting in the First Kashmir War of 1947-48, creating the core issue of Kashmir, which has become a festering sore and flashpoint between the two nuclear weapons equipped states. The partition deal also included the division of state assets, including the British Indian Army, the Indian Civil Service and other administrative services, the Indian Railways, and the central treasury. Pakistan did not receive even an iota of the assets assigned to it which led to major problems for the fledgling state. In 1971, due to Pakistan’s own follies and Indian machinations, East Pakistan was severed and after a bloody war, became Bangladesh.
Sixty four years since partition, if one were to take a pragmatic look, one can see that India set the pace for democracy. Bangladesh, after an initial period of turmoil, strife and bloody coups, has settled down on the path of democracy. Pakistan was unfortunate that it lost both Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder and Quaid-e-Millat, Liaquat Ali Khan, his able successor in the initial years. Their replacements were virtual pygmies, lacking both vision and statesmanship, resulting in constant military takeovers, which further stifled the process of democratization. Myopic policies have made Pakistan a client state of the US, which has used and abused Pakistan depending on its own agenda. Britain, the mother country, which should have taken an interest in the unresolved problems it had left behind at the time of partition, has remained oblivious to them and has been toeing the US line in the region. In Pakistan, the common man has been totally ignored by subsequent military rulers, who were more intent towards extending their reign or corrupt civilian leadership, which has been bent upon lining its own nest and leaving the military to dictate both the defence as well as the foreign policies of Pakistan while the masses suffered.
It was perhaps in this scenario that Faiz Ahmed Faiz, in his memorable poem “Yeh who seher to nahin”, commenting on the partition stated:
This blighted dawn, this darkened sun.
This is not the dawn we had waited for…
The night's burden has not diminished,
The hour of deliverance
for the eye and the heart has not yet arrived.
Face forward! For our destination is not yet in sight
Six and a half decades on, instead of despairing, we must pick up the cudgels to strive and fix the problems and make Pakistan the homeland our founding fathers had dreamed of.