By Jawad Raza Khan

Different politico-social analysts of the world, opines in a different manner about division of India, some relates it to the failure of All India Congress, some narrate it as adventurism of Mr Jinnah and indeed some of them thinks that British were found wanting in this regard. At the time of independence 14th August 1947, whatever came to Pakistan in terms of resources to run the country was less than meager, the only thing in abundance were more than 6 million refugees. It was the world’s largest migration ever recorded. The question arises than why Pakistan is such an important nation to the world, how and why a depleted Pakistan is still living and be able to safeguard its integrity as a nation. The answer lies in the history of Pakistan.

Creation of Pakistan has been done through ages even well before the existence of Pakistan’s Islamic ideology. Presence of two great cities Moen-jo-Daro and Harrappa, along the great river Indus, more than 5000 years ago bears the testimony of existence of Pakistan since then. It was the Bronze Age civilization which became the first step towards creation of a nation.

Another glorious era which gave sense of oneness in this part of the world was 2nd century BC. It was the era of Kushan Dynasty and to be particular the King Kanishka, his main capital was at Purushpura (Peshawar in present day north-western Pakistan) with regional capitals at the location of the modern city of Taxila in Pakistan, Begram in Afghanistan and Mathura in India. The Gandhara civilization of this period meets the Indus valley civilization with open arms at the Grand Trunk road at Hassan Abdal. This was yet another development towards creation of one nation.

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The Arabsduring early 7th century established the city of Mansura, and Mahfuza these two cities became major cultural, economic centers in Sindh. Mansura produced the first translation of the Quran in the Sindhi language; it was used widely throughout the Indus region. The city was the hometown of famous historical figures such as Sind ibn Ali he introduced the Arabic numerals.This was the first ever amalgamation of Islamic thoughts and values to these ancient civilizations, and from here the concept of interfaith harmony and ideological Pakistan in Islamic perspective got its roots cemented within their culture.

In most of the recorded history, there are always civilizationswhich turn into nations. Nations without ideologies in front, and civilizations at their back, merely breathes on this planet. By any stretch of imagination Pakistan cannot be included in the above mentioned category, so any prediction regarding Pakistan as a failed State is bound to go into doldrums. We as Pakistanis have a long history and traditional values in our rich culture, which we are carrying since 50 centuries. We were a developed state even before the ancient Egypt and Peru civilizations. What all is required from us is to train and tame the younger generation for their better future as Pakistanis.

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