By Sajjad Shaukat
Indian Foreign Secretary Nirupama Rao on January 18 this year, while repeating the old blame game, has hit out at Pakistan for pursuing terrorism as an “instrument of state policy.” It is not new allegation against Islamabad because, in the aftermath of the November 26 Mumbai tragedy, Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and other Indian officials have been accusing that terrorism is state policy of Pakistan and epicenter of terrorism lies in that country.
In this regard, analysis needs the indication of facts so that readers must know the truthfulness which is always concealed by New Delhi.
For the last 25 years, India has been providing its military and intelligence agency RAW with huge funds in order to support insurgency, separatism, extremism and terrorism in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhuttan, Sikkim and China. Although these covert activities vary from country to country, yet the same intensifies in case of Pakistan. In this respect, a well-established network of Indian army and RAW has been working to destabilise Pakistan by supporting insurgency in the Khyber Pakhtookhwa and separatism in Balochistan. New Delhi has been spending huge money to train and equip the militants who have been entering Pakistan on daily basis and have been conducting suicide attacks in our country, and assaults on our security forces including target killings—besides inciting sectarian violence.
As regards RAW, a string of Indian consulates established along the north-western border of Pakistan are supporting the militants in Balochistan where a minority group called the Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) has been waging a separatist war in south-western Pakistan with the aid of RAW and CIA. Bugti’s death was a blow to neo-BLA, but this group’s external backers did not stop their aggressive activities. After Bugti’s death his grandson, Brahmdagh Bugti is currently operating against Pakistan from Kabul.
While adopting terrorism as state policy, Indian anti-Pakistan plan was also endorsed by a 72-page white paper handed over to its Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in the aftermath of Mumbai carnage. The paper, titled, War on Terror: The Agenda for Action, (Also available on the website of India Today) advised New Delhi to “exploit the divisions within Pakistan and expose its weaknesses in Balochistan, FATA and Azad Kashmir” including building of pressure on Islamabad especially by the US.
In the past, terrorism as state policy was approved and employed in the former Yugoslavia. In that respect, Serb forces used all inhuman tactics of ethnic cleansing, perpetrated on Bosnian and Kosovan Muslims, which India has now been applying to disturb the majority population of the Kashmiris. Israel which has also been acting upon terrorism as state policy—has been implementing similar sort of terrorism on the Palestinians.
In the Indian-held Kashmir, since 1947, Indian forces have intermittently been employing all the possible techniques of military terrorism such as curfews, crackdowns, sieges, massacre, targeted killings etc. to maintain their alien rule. In the occupied Kashmir, Indian brutalities keep on going against the current phase of Kashmiri uprising.
However, under the mask of democracy and secularism, Indian subsequent regimes dominated by politicians from the Hindi heartland—Hindutva (Hindu nationalism) have been using state terrorism ruthlessly against any move to free Assam, Kashmir, Khalistan, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu and Tripura where wars of independence continue in one or the other form.
It is notable that historical background and religious beliefs which have formed the habits and national character of Hindus are quite different from the other ethnic and religious communities. Indians still have a strong belief in the superiority of their race. Indian Hindus are followers of Chanakya (Say some thing else and do some thing else). This fact has been verified by the misdeeds of Hindu fundamentalist parties like BJP, RSS, VHP, Shiv Sina and Bajrang Dal which have missed no opportunity to communalise national politics of India even under the Congress rule. With the backing of Indian officials, these parties have intensified anti-Christian and anti-Muslim bloodshed in the last decade coupled with the dissemination.
Besides previous genocide of Muslims and destruction of the Babri Mosque led by Indain high officials, more than 2500 Muslims were massacred in2002 in the BJP-ruled Indian state of Gujarat. Regarding that massive genocide, bothHuman Rights Watch in 2002 and Amnesty International in 2003 charged the “Gujarat state administration” for involvement in “a massive cover-up of the state’s role in that massacre” and pointed out numerous police officials—specifically ministers, high officials and leaders of the VHP, BJP and Bajrang Dal as participants.
OnSeptember 13, 2008, the communal riots in Uttar Pradesh killed more than 200 Muslims. In one of the most tragic incidents in Assam, Hindu extremists burnt alive six members of a Muslim family. Violence has continued against the Muslims from time to time. Similarly, assaults on Christians and their property have been executed by the Hindu mobs in Orissa, Assam, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. In this respect, at least 60 Christians have been assassinated in the recent past by Hindu extremists in the state of Orissa. Other religious minorities of India are also target of Hindu terrorism.
It is of particular attention that ideology of Hindu nationalism prevails in every field at the cost of other minority groups. It is even supported by Indian defence forces secretly. This fact could be judged from the recent past, when on April 6, 2008 in the house of Bajrang Dal fundamentalists in Nanded, a bomb went off. The investigations proved that the militants belonging to the Bajrang Dal were found in the bomb-making and attack on a mosque in Parbhani in 2003. Anti-Terrorism Squad (ATS) of the Maharashtra arrested a serving Lt. Col. Srikant Purohit along with other army officials, indicating that they were helping in training the Hindu terrorists, providing them with the military-grade explosive RDX, used in the Malegaon bombings and terrorist attacks in other Indian cities. ATS further disclosed that Lt. Col. Purohit confessed that in 2007, he was involved in bombing of Samjhota express, which brunt alive 69 Pakistanis.
National Investigation Agency (NIA) is convinced that Swami Aseemanand, a Hindu right-wing leader, was directly involved in the Samjhota Express blasts. Besides, the weekly “Tehelka”, in its current issue, has also conducted “a shocking expose” of the “nexus between Hindu terror and Indian Military Intelligence (MI) officers” involved in bomb attacks on Samjhota Express, and mosques in Hyderabad, Ajmer Sharif and Malegaon. With the backing of Indian high officials, leaders of the Indian extremist parties, Shiv Sena, BJP, VHP and RSS are now pressurising the Congress regime to release the culprits.
Nevertheless, before these revelations about Hindu terrorism, Indian government has been accusing the Islamic organizations in contact with Pakistani or Bangladeshi intelligence agencies in carrying out bomb blasts in Malegaon and other Indian places.
Most dangerous point is that Hindu terrorists with the support of Indian army and their intelligence agency, RAW would try to get weapons of mass destruction—and will use them in the US and major European states in order to show that Muslim radicals or Al Qaeda-related insurgents have performed this sinister job. While Hindu extremists and Indian high officials with the backing of RAW has already started a nefarious strategic game of spreading disinformation that terrorism is state policy of Pakistan.
In fact, there is a co-relationship of the Hindutva, Hindu fundamentalism and Indian officials which are the genesis of Hindu terrorism.
It is now clear that instead of Pakistan, India has been acting upon terror as state policy so as to create frenzy against other religious communities and to destabilise other regional states as part of Greater India or Akhand Bharat with the sole aim to become unchallenged power of Asia.
Sajjad Shaukat is a regular writer for Opinion Maker. He writes on international affairs and is author of the book : US vs Islamic Militants, Invisible Balance of Power : Dangerous Shift in International Relations.