What was the meaning of Obama's last name "Soebarkah" in mother's passport application?

By Wayne Madsen

In 1968, one year after moving to Jakarta, Indonesia, President Obama's mother, Stanley Ann Dunham Soetoro listed her son's last name as Barack Hussein Obama (Soebarkah) with "Soebarkah bracketed by parentheses, vice Soetoro. Obama's mother later used the spelling of "Sutoro" as her own last name.

Files released by the State Department on Dunham's name-change passport application lists two dates and places of marriage to her Indonesian Army Lieutenant Colonel husband, Lolo Soetoro: March 5, 1964, in Maui and March 15, 1965, in Molokai — almost a year's difference. In her 1968 passport renewal application, Barack Obama's name is listed as Barack Hussein Obama (Soebarkah). In passport renewal and amendment applications filed from Jakarta, Dunham uses two different names: Stanley Ann Dunham Soetoro and Stanley Ann Soetoro.

The name "Soebarkah" may be Obama's given Indonesian name upon his formal adoption by Lolo Soetoro. The adoption of an Indonesian name also indicates strongly that Obama became an Indonesian citizen. In Janny Scott's book, "A Singular Woman," a young Obama is quoted as telling Lolo that he wanted to one day become "Prime Minister of Indonesia," something that only an Indonesian citizen could strive to attain. Indonesian law explicitly states that dual citizenship is not permitted and, according to a 1958 Indonesian law, only Indonesian citizens could be enrolled in the two schools Obama attended in Jakarta: St. Fransiskus Assisi Catholic school and Menteng Elementary. By becoming an Indonesian and possibly by travelling on an Indonesian passport to Pakistan and India in 1980, Obama ceased being a "natural born" citizen and became a "native born" citizen. Although it is an Indonesian custom for family, friends, and even employers of domestic help to informally "adopt" the children of relatives, friends, and employees, Obama's adoption was much more formal and carried out pursuant to Indonesian law.

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Obama's mother's listing of her son's name as "Soebarkah" was in all likelihood an attempt by her to avoid breaking U.S. law, which states, "False statements made knowingly and willfully in passport applications are punishable by fine and/or imprisonment under U.S. law."

Soebarkah may be Obama's given Indonesian name: a legal requirement in his formal adoption process and his becoming an Indonesian citizen.

Article II, clause 5, is very specific about Obama's ineligibility to serve as President as a "native born" American who held Indonesian citizenship as a child and may have continued holding dual citizenship two years after turning 18: "No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President."

Obama's eligibility to serve as President has never been about his Hawaiian birth certificate. Obama was born in Hawaii on August 4, 1961, which made him an American citizen until he was adopted by Lolo Soetoro, became a sole Indonesian citizen as a result of Indonesia's prohibition of dual citizens, was given the Indonesian name of Soebarkah, and may have continued to swear allegiance to a foreign power until after he turned 18. There is a controversy over Obama's attendance at Occidental College in 1979, with unverified reports that he had been awarded a Fulbright Scholarship only available to foreign students. Obama's Occidental records, as well as those from Columbia University, where he transferred, remain largely sealed.

With most of Obama's immediate family members dead and those who he knew in Jakarta who are still alive afraid to talk to the press, Obama has managed to continue to perpetuate a fraudulent presidency on the American people. The "birther" extremists, most of whom are unfamiliar with the history of Indonesia in the 1960s, 70s, and 80s, have managed to muddy the waters by insisting that Obama was born in Kenya, a meme that is intended to paint Obama as an African, thus catering to racist elements in the Republican Party. There is a significant issue with Obama's eligibility to serve as President but the roads to Mombasa and Honolulu are truly dead ends: the only road pointing to the answers about Obama's citizenship status leads to Jakarta.