Akbar Bugti greeting Mr Jinnah

Akbar Bugti greeting Mr Jinnah

BSF misleading Baloch youth 

By S. M. Hali 

A detailed study of the history of the Indian Subcontinent reveals that the Balochis had supported the creation of Pakistan, endorsing the “Pakistan Resolution-1940”. The epoch making Resolution, which envisioned the creation of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the Indian Subcontinent became the nucleus for the Pakistan Movement. The average Balochi too espoused the cause for Pakistan and under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan got its independence on 14 August 1947. However, there were some hiccups in Balochistan becoming an integral part of Pakistan

Some dissidents opposed the “Two Nation Theory”, the scarlet thread or the rationale behind the demand of a separate independent state for the Muslims of the Indian sub-continent, and put a spanner in the works. These dissidents have time and again attempted to create chaos and mayhem in Balochistan by polluting the minds of innocent Baloch youth by distorting the history of Balochistan’s accession to Pakistan. The fact of the matter is that before the independence of Pakistan the territories now consolidated into the province of Balochistan did not comprise a settled province. Apart from Quetta District that was administrated under civil law the rest of the territory was under Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR). Government of British India constituted a special body of tribal elders known as “SHAHI JIRGA” for consultation by Assistant Governor General (AGG) on local issues relating to British Balochistan. On 29th June 1947 “SHAHI JIRGA” of British Balochistan as representative body of AGG along with elected members of Quetta Municipal Body unanimously passed a resolution for acceding to Pakistan, when it came into being. The Khans of Kalat, the rulers of Kalat were never fully independent; there was always a paramount power to which they were subject. In the earliest times they were merely petty chiefs: later they kowtowed to the sovereignty of the Mogul Empire, having its capital in Delhi and also served as vassals to the monarchy of Kandahar. The Khanate at Kalat supplied men-at-arms on demand by the sovereigns at Delhi and Kandahar.

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The State of Kalat had customary over-lordship on States of Kharan, Makran and Lasbela. As these three states opted to join Pakistan in March 1948, the Khan of Kalat also acceded to Pakistan on 27th March 1948. A misconception prevails that the ruler of the Khan of Kalat, Mir Ahmad Yar Khan, was coerced by the Quaid to sign the document of accession. This claim is contrary to the truth and should appear unrealistic even to a neutral observer, since the Khan of Kalat ruled even after Jinnah’s death with the support of the government of Pakistan.  Prince Abdul Karim Khan, the brother of Khan of Kalat, who was the former governor of the Makran province, was upset by Pakistan’s recognition of Sardar Bay Khan Gichki as Makran’s ruler. Seeing an end to his privileges and position in a Pakistani Balochistan province, he decided to rebel and invited various Baloch tribes and groups to join him in the struggle for the creation of an independent “Greater Balochistan.” Unfortunately for him, he managed to muster only 130 tribesmen, with whom he started an insurgency in 1948 which never took off ground and the matter was brought under control.

Since then, there have been attempts to launch uprisings; in 1958 by Nawab Nowroz Khan and in the 1970s, a more serious attempt by a coalition of various tribal chieftains, which had to be controlled through the use of force.

Unfortunately, the Baloch tribal leaders, whenever they have been in power i.e. Chief Minister or Governor of the province, they have pocketed the development funds allocated for the province but have blamed the federal government for neglect of Balochistan, when they have been out of power. Since 2005, Nawab Akbar Bugti and Mir Balach Marri commenced an armed rebellion against the government of Pakistan. Both were killed in ensuing retaliation by the government forces but the province has been rife with conflict.

Khan of Kalat calling on Mr Jinnah

Khan of Kalat calling on Mr Jinnah

The current situation is that Baloch Sub Nationalists are attempting to distort the history of accession of Kalat with Pakistan and give reference of insurgency (1948) by Prince Abdul Karim whereas the document of accession of State of Kalat with Pakistan was signed by the Khan of Kalat himself as legitimate ruler of State of Kalat. Baloch Salvation Front (BSF) had called for a shutter down strike in Balochistan on 27th March to observe it as Black Day. Since it is the date of legal accession of State of Kalat with Pakistan, therefore, the strike call was based on negative contemplation and wicked designs to pollute the minds of Baloch youth.

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The strike call was not heeded to by majority of the Baloch but the fact remains that the true perspective of history must be presented loud and clear, denouncing the dissidents for distorting the facts in order to advance their vested interests. The people of Balochistan especially the youth are very loyal and patriotic Pakistanis who believe in unity and sovereignty of Pakistan. They cannot be misled by elusive designs of greedy leaders who plan to observe 27th March as the Black Day.

The government of Pakistan has been allocating funds to the province of Balochistan but most of it was waylaid by the Baloch leaders themselves. Despite this, projects like the development of Gwadar Port, Makran coastal highway, various dam projects, hospitals, schools, colleges and other amenities have been developed. The most recent advent of the economic corridor, being built from Gwadar to China holds the promise of job opportunity and development projects for thousands of Balochis.

Regretfully, Baloch dissidents are still playing in the hands of foreign agencies which have an eye on the rich mineral wealth of the province as well as the strategic location of its ports and coastline. The foreign elements also have anti Pakistan agenda and intend to create trouble in Balochistan using the dissidents as tools of their strategy. The peace loving Baloch elements must come forward and denounce the rebellious elements.

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