By Masooma Batool

Much is talked about Baluchistan, Gwadar, Operations, drones and Elections. Baluchistan is quite a tough land if talked about its geography; it has got unique physical features including hard rocks and muddy tough grounds. According to Wikipedia Baluchistan is the largest of the country’s four administrative provinces in terms of area, constituting approximately 44% of Pakistan’s total land mass, and the smallest in terms of population, being home to less than 5% of the country’s population. Baluchistan is bordered by Afghanistan to the north and north-west, Iran to the south-west, the Arabian Sea to the south, Punjab andSindh to the east, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Federally Administered Tribal Areas to the north-east. Quetta is the capital and largest city of Baluchistan.

The main ethnic groups in the province are BaluchPashtuns and Brahuis, and there are relatively smaller communities of IraniansHazaras,KurdsSindhis and other settlers, including PunjabisUzbeks, and Turkmens. The name Baluchistan means “the land of the Baluch” in many regional languages.

Due to its geographical proximity with Iran, Afghanistan and Gulf of Oman this land becomes prone to foreign attacks ideologically. Some of the Baluch speak Persian, tie turbans like the Afghan, Arab
Sheikhs warm the pockets of the Custom officials and hunt precious birds which are almost extinct in other parts of the world. The tribes have a very important role to be played in the internal politics of Baluchistan. If we do not go back much in past and history of the Baluch we still find much biased attitude of the Pakistani government which has risen the rebellious attitude in the Baluch which has caused many freedom fighting movements in the land of Baluchistan. Let’s talk of the Musharraf era, Wikipedia says On Saturday August 26, 2006, Bugti was killed when a shell exploded in the cave in which his camp was set. The Pakistani government launched a missile and it resulted in the cave shattering down into pieces killing Saab and his men when they raided his mountain hideout.

  Unproductive policy of one-sided concessions

Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf termed his death a victory for Pakistanis and congratulated the secret service chief who carried out this operation. Pakistan’s Information Minister Mohammad Ali Durrani, confirmed that the operation included both air and ground assault.stating that Bugti’s death occurred as the cave he was in collapsed.  Keeping in mind the fact that Akbar Khan Bugti  (July 12, 1927–August 26, 2006) was the Tumandar (head) of the Bugti tribe of Baluch and served as Minister of State for Interior and Governor of Baluchitan.

Much occurs under the veil and the innocent public remains unaware. Whatever happened has made the Baluch turn very hostile towards other provinces of Pakistan. The poor infrastructure, low education standard and lack of facilities for farmers has increased the crime rate in Baluchisatn. M any caravans of people travelling to Iran via road through the Taftan Border are looted and often the passengers are deprived of their luggage, cash and lives. Let’s look at an ethnic minority residing in Baluchistan, the Hazaras who are being killed. Being Shia is not the crime, they are being killed because they are the Afghan immigrants, the Baluch consider them as the outsiders and treat them as a burden they might be right in their claim but this has acted like a slap on the governance and administration of Pakistan. Now  the officials talk of Gawadar as it would make Baluchistan a big economic harbour for those trying to pass their ships and yachts through the Arabian sea as the Gulf of Oman is quite a thin passage. China is playing a very positive attitude towards the sustainable development of the Gawadar Project. Baluch people are quite submissive and down to earth. They support Pakistan and the labour used in Gawadar project is also the Baluch.

  Egypt: The Groupthink Problem

Allama Muhammad Iqbal says,
Khuda ne aaj tak is qom ki haalat nahe badli
Naa ho jis ko khayal aap apni haalat k badalnay ka

The need of the hour is to take a humanitarian look towards Baluchistan. Pakistan Army should play an optimistic role as the instability within Baluchistan will not only make the non-state actors like Tehreek-e-Talibaan Pakistan, Lashkar-e-Jhangwi and other Jahadists more active as they would cash the Baluch issue as religious, sectarian issue which may cause a civil war like situation. Moreover, the Iran Pakistan Gas Pipeline Project must be taken into consideration. Without coming under the US pressure and Obama Administration, Pakistan must act like a free and sovereign state to sign its pacts and agreements and work on new projects which would increase the employment rate in Pakistan and the investors and mill owners who are fleing from the Mother land must be given incentives like electricity provision on a low subsidy. Pakistan is proud to be the first Muslim country to have nuclear power which has helped Pakistan in maintaining deterrence in the region. Army should lessen the distance between the civilian governments, Martial Law is not the solution but Army has now much more to do than defence. Pakistan cannot to left to its blind election campaign and the old puppets with lame ideologies. Youth constitutes almost 70% of the population so they  must feel the responsibility, rising slogans and playing hilarious songs in their cars with party flags will just portray an image of a crazy nation which has thrown its own flag behind the scenes and forgotten the Jinnah’s ideology.

  The Anatomy of Self-Reliance

Rumis says,
“Do not judge the affairs of the holy men
from your own view point:
Sher (Lion) and Shir (Milk) though
written alike are quite different.”

[author] [author_image timthumb=’on’][/author_image] [author_info]Masooma Batool is Student of Defence and Diplomatic Studies at Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpndi. She is Member of National Youth Assembly, working for Positive Pakistan as a Cyber Captain. She Belongs to Skardu, Gilgit Baltistan[/author_info] [/author]